Pruning Shrubs – What You Should Know About Shrub Trimming

pruning and trimming shrubs 2

We don’t stop at just trees—we offer a full range of landscaping services, such as shrub trimming, to make sure your lawn looks superb and luscious year around.

Shrub and bush pruning takes as much knowledge and craftsmanship as tree trimming does, and we’re prepared to offer ours to provide you with the best yard on the block.

Shrub trimming and pruning are crucial to maintain the health and continued growth of your lawn’s shrubs, not to mention keeping its appearance lush and beautiful.

Trimming shrubs is the first step in keeping them healthy and aesthetically appealing.

A Science and an Art

Shrub trimming is both a science and an art that involves a deep understanding of a shrub’s biology and skillful trimming abilities. It involves a knowledgeable assessment of the deadwood on your shrub and careful removal so that your shrub will grow in an aesthetically pleasing way.

Approaching shrub care with this in mind allows for the best possible outcomes in terms of how you want your shrubs to look and what’s best for their health and continued growth. It also helps in developing a smart pruning program for your shrubs.

A well-designed shrub pruning program takes into account your landscaping goals and preferences, the age and species of your shrubs, and their seasonal needs. We take great care in understanding the types of shrubs you have and how to best approach their trimming and care, and we’ll work with you to provide the aesthetics you want while keeping your trees healthy and safe.

How Often Should You Trim Shrubs?

Our arborists recommend trimming shrubs every year in order to keep them healthy and aesthetically appealing.

Why Should You Trim Shrubs?

shrub trimming and pruning will help maintain the aesthetics of a beautiful property and landscape

Keeping your shrubs trimmed regularly has a number of benefits.

Pruning Shrubs:

  • stimulates and encourages new growth
  • promotes flowers production
  • creates an overall stronger more resilient shrub

Failing to have your shrubs properly trimmed & pruned leads to a series of consequences.

The short-term effects of not pruning your shrubs are that they will be bushy, larger, and look messy. However; the cause for concern comes with the long term effects of not trimming shrubs. In the long term, the interior branches of your plant will become so dense that they stop getting sunlight or nutrients.

Essentially, the bush becomes too big to support itself. In response, the shrub begins to decay and the wood becomes unproductive which means less flower production thus lowering the overall appeal of your landscape.

It’s important to remember that, in addition to the benefits listed above, pruning diseased or insect-infected limbs and branches will help your shrubs grow strong healthy. This provides your landscaping with all the benefits that having a healthy, beautiful shrub offers.

And of course, professionally-pruned shrubs are just plain beautiful.

When Should You Trim Your Shrubs?

The best time for pruning shrubs varies by species. When deciding when to trim your shrubs take into account if they are flowering plants, and when they flower. As a rule of thumb, if you are doing major pruning, it’s best to cut back the shrub during the dormant season (winter).

Bushes That Don’t Flower

Plants that do not flower can be pruned at any time except late autumn. Bushes trimmed in late fall may not have enough time to harden off the pruning cuts before the first frost. This could cause damage to the bush. Popular bushes without blooms include burning bush, boxwoods, and barberry.

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Summer Flowering Plants – Prune In Late Winter to Early Spring

Plants that flower in the summer grow their flowers on the new growth developed in spring. To promote flower growth it is best to prune these plants in late winter or early spring. Pruning at this time will also allow you to easily see the plant’s structure because of the bare branches and the upcoming spring growth will quickly heal wounds. See the list of common summer flowering shrubs below.

  • Beautyberry
  • Bumald spiraea
  • Butterfly bush
  • Gardenia
  • Japanese barberry
  • Japanese spiraea
  • Nandina
  • Privet
  • Repeat-flowering roses
  • Rose-of-Sharon
  • Summersweet
  • Sweetshrub
  • Hydrangeas
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Forsythia is one of the first plants to bloom in the spring

Spring Flowering Plants – Prune In Late Spring to Early Summer

Plants that flower in spring grow their flowers on the growth from the previous year. Trimming shrubs in late spring to early summer, immediately after their blossoms fade, will increase flower production for the following year. If you wait to trim these types of bushes during summer or winter you will see lower amounts of spring bloom. See the list of common spring flowering shrubs below.

  • Azalea
  • Beautybush
  • Bigleaf hydrangea
  • Bridal wreath spiraea
  • Common lilac
  • Deutzia
  • Flowering quince
  • Forsythia
  • Japanese kerria
  • Japanese pieris
  • Mock orange
  • Rhododendron
  • Weigela

Pruning Shrubs – Can I Do It Myself?

We do not recommend trying to prune your shrubs yourself. Pruning shrubs is a skill that takes training. Unfortunately, do-it-yourselfers, while working with good intentions, don’t always do a good job.

First, you need to determine what type of pruning needs to be done; then you must have the knowledge of proper pruning cuts to successfully prune your shrubs in a non-harmful manner. Like trees, improper pruning cuts on bushes can lead to disease and decay.

Even worse, if you choose to shear your bushes you are risking shearing injuries that can cause your shrubs to die prematurely. (See more about shearing below) Because the cost of removing and replacing shrubs that die from improper pruning can be costly, it’s much easier and more cost effective to trust a qualified company to do the pruning for you.

It’s best to hire a seasoned professional with expert knowledge and craftsmanship to handle your shrub trimming.

Types of Shrub Pruning:

pruning shrubs

Renewal Pruning: This type of shrub trimming involves removing ¼ to 1/3 of the oldest stems at the base of the shrub. This keeps the interior branches from overcrowding and allows sunlight to reach the base of the plant, which stimulates growth.

Selective pruning: This trimming maintains a shrub’s natural form through selective thinning and reduction.

Shearing (BAD TECHNIQUE): Shearing is a detrimental practice that is unfortunately very common. When homeowners or landscapers shear plants they are making cuts indiscriminately without regard to the location of the plant’s natural protection zones. These improper cuts cause the death of healthy shoots and become an entry point for diseases.

Shearing is also not very effective. Shearing removes only the upper and exterior portions of a shrub. This leaves the dead, dying, and over-mature branches that are most commonly located in the interior of the shrub.

Looking to have your shrubs professionally trimmed & pruned? Get a free estimate today by booking an appointment online or by calling us at 703.573.3029 to meet with one of our Certified Arborists.